National railways (2023)


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national railways, rail transportation services owned and operated by national governments. U.S. railways are privately owned and operated, though the Consolidated Rail Corporation was established by the federal government and Amtrak uses public funds to subsidize privately owned intercity passenger trains. Canada has several small privately owned railways, but its major passenger railway, Canadian National, was government-funded until 1995. In many countries, the central government owns and operates a national rail system, though some countries have privatized their national rail services in hopes of increasing efficiency and lowering cost through competition. These systems were usually formed from the union of various private railroads purchased or nationalized by the government. France’s private railroads were gradually acquired by the government in the early 20th century; in 1938 the last remaining private lines were nationalized and incorporated into the Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Français (SNCF, or French National Railways). All British railroads were nationalized as British Railways in 1948 but were privatized in 1994. Japan privatized its national railway in 1987. A major concern when national railways are privatized is that service to unprofitable areas will be cut, adversely affecting local populations; privatization plans attempt to address this issue with varying success.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Jeannette L. Nolen.


What trains are part of National Rail? ›

Stations & on train
  • Avanti West Coast.
  • c2c.
  • Caledonian Sleeper.
  • Chiltern Railways.
  • CrossCountry.
  • East Midlands Railway.
  • Elizabeth line.
  • Eurostar.

What is the meaning of National Rail? ›

Template:Infobox Brand National Rail is a title used by the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) as a generic term to define the passenger rail services operated in Great Britain (before the adoption of the term National Rail, "Great Britain Passenger Railway" was used).

What dates are the National Rail strikes? ›

Strike action is taking place on the following dates:
  • Wednesday 1 February 2023 - various action by both the ASLEF and RMT unions.
  • Friday 3 February 2023 - various action by both the ASLEF and RMT unions.

What railway Does Bill Gates Own? ›

Bill Gates acquired 54.8 Million Canadian National Railway shares worth $6.49 Billion. That's 17.35% of their entire equity portfolio (3rd largest holding). The investor owns 8.13% of the outstanding Canadian National Railway stock. The first Canadian National Railway trade was made in Q3 2002.

How much do train drivers earn? ›

The salaries of Train Drivers in the US range from $10,054 to $239,363 , with a median salary of $43,830 . The middle 57% of Train Drivers makes between $43,831 and $108,927, with the top 86% making $239,363.

Which 4 States does Amtrak not serve? ›

Amtrak trains stop in almost all U.S. states. The exception is South Dakota, Wyoming, Hawaii and Alaska.

Why rail is not popular in us? ›

Most American passenger trains travel on tracks that are owned by freight companies. That means most trains have to defer to freight services, leading to lengthy delays that scare off passengers who want to arrive on time. Domestic air travel in America is widely available, relatively cheap and popular.

Does Amtrak own the rails? ›

Of the more than 22,000 miles on which it operates, Amtrak owns approximately 620 miles in the Northeast and Michigan. Some of the remaining miles are owned by states or regional transportation authorities, but the vast majority are owned by freight railroads.

What are the three types of railway? ›

In the world there are mainly three types of rail tracks, normal rail track, high speed rail track and subway track.

Is National Rail a train? ›

What is National Rail? National Rail is the public-facing brand of the Rail Delivery Group (RDG), which provides information and timetables for all of Britain's train operating companies.

What is the main purpose of railway? ›

Railways are a climate-smart and efficient way to move people and freight. Railways promote economic growth while cutting greenhouse gas emissions. They are a clean and compact way to move millions of passengers and millions of tons of goods across countries and continents.

Will there be train strikes in September? ›

Update: 9 September 2022

Train drivers will strike on Thursday September 15 and Saturday 17 September 2022 as part of a long-running dispute over pay and conditions on the railway. There will also be another strike for 24 hours from midday on Monday September 26 until midday on Tuesday September 27 2022.

What 13 train companies are going on strike? ›

The strikes are by RMT members at Network Rail and across 13 train operators.
  • LNER.
  • Northern trains.
  • Avanti West Coast.
  • Southeastern.
  • Cross Country.
  • Chiltern Railways.
  • Greater Anglia.
  • Govia Thameslink (plus Gatwick Express)
Jan 6, 2023

What date is the rail strike 2022? ›

The strike on February 1 is planned to coincide with a Trades Union Congress day of action, which will involve several unions coordinating their walkouts during the cost-of-living crisis.

Who owns the largest railroad in the US? ›

Largest American Rail Companies
  • Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway Company (BNSF) 2021 Revenue: $23.3 billion. ...
  • Union Pacific. 2021 Revenue: $21.804 billion. ...
  • CSX. 2021 Revenue: $12.522 billion. ...
  • Norfolk Southern Railway. 2021 Revenue: $11.1 billion. ...
  • Kansas City Southern. 2021 Revenue: $3 billion. ...
  • Amtrak.
Jul 18, 2022

Who owns most of US railroads? ›

BNSF, for example, is 46 percent owned by Wall Street investment funds. At CSX, the figure is 35 percent; at Union Pacific, 34 percent; at Kansas City Southern, 33 percent; and at Norfolk Southern, 32 percent, according to Bloomberg News.
Who owns the railroads.
Vanguard Group3.0%
Fidelity Mgt.2.5%
Bank of America1.9%
59 more rows
Jan 21, 2009

What railroad is Warren Buffett Own? ›

The company is an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway, which is controlled by investor Warren Buffett.
Burlington Northern Santa Fe, LLC.
IndustryRail transport
HeadquartersFort Worth, Texas, United States
Key peopleCarl Ice (Chairman, CEO, & President)
8 more rows

How long is a train drivers shift? ›

The Working Day: Being a train driver involves erratic train driver shift pattern and Conditions of Service which vary from one TOC to another. In theory, turn lengths can vary between about five and eleven hours but in practice most come in at around seven to ten hours.

How many years does it take to become a train driver? ›

The training usually takes around 12-18 months to complete, and you'll need some GCSEs in English and maths to apply. start work as a rail passenger assistant or train conductor. You can then apply for a trainee driver position. apply directly to a rail company to become a trainee driver.

Is it difficult to become a train driver? ›

With this in mind, the train driver application process is extremely competitive. In order to succeed, you need to make yourself stand out from the crowd, and demonstrate your skills, qualities, and personal attributes.

What is the largest US city without train? ›

Arlington, Texas, is the largest city in the United States without a mass transportation system.

What is the largest US city without Amtrak? ›

Amtrak for inter-city. No metro or light rail. Columbus is actually the largest city in the USA with no passenger train service of any kind whatsoever.

Why do people take Amtrak instead of flying? ›

Unlike during a flight, train rides are not only relaxing and turbulence-free, but under most circumstances, it is stress-free. There are no take-off, landing, or seat belt signs, and for most of the journey, you are free to get up and walk around instead of being stuck in your seat for endless amounts of time.

Will the US ever get a bullet train? ›

The train will ultimately take passengers from San Francisco to LA in under three hours, whereas driving takes almost seven hours. The project will help keep more than 3,500 tons of harmful pollutants out of the air annually. Developers aim to begin partial operation in 2029 and complete much of the project by 2033.

Does the US have a bullet train? ›

Amtrak's Acela, which reaches 150 mph (240 km/h) over 49.9 mi (80.3 km) of track, is the US's only high-speed rail service. Acela trains will reach top speeds of 165 mph (266 km/h) when new trains enter service, and 186 mph (299 km/h) in coming years.

Will there ever be high-speed rail in the US? ›

The generally accepted definition of high-speed rail is trains that can travel in excess of 160 mph. Amtrak's fastest train, the Acela, reaches a top speed of 150 mph, but new Acela trains are expected to reach 160 mph when they come online in fall 2023.

Why doesn t Amtrak own any tracks? ›

In short: railroad tracks. More specifically: the rail service doesn't own many of them, a situation arising from the its origins, as a product of the Rail Passenger Service Act of 1970, when it was created largely because railroad companies could not make passenger rail profitable anymore.

Has Amtrak ever made a profit? ›

Key Takeaways. Amtrak is a state-owned enterprise. This means that Amtrak is a for-profit company, but that the federal government owns all its preferred stock. Amtrak made $2.4 billion in 2020.

Is Amtrak cheaper than flying? ›

Train travel is often cheaper than flying, in part because you can generally take more with you before paying extra baggage fees. It can also be more convenient and relaxing than driving, especially if you'd be driving in an unfamiliar place or driving for many hours nonstop to get to your destination.

What are the 4 railroads? ›

The railroads in the game Monopoly are the Pennsylvania, B&O, Reading, and Short Line.

What are the 4 main parts of a railway? ›

Typical Railway Track Components Overview – Sleepers, Fishplates, Fasteners and Spikes. Railroad track is known a stable structure that mainly consists of rail sleepers, fishplates and fasteners.

Who are the 7 Class 1 railroads? ›

[2] The seven Class I freight railroads are: BNSF Railway Co., Canadian National Railway (Grand Trunk Corporation), Canadian Pacific (Soo Line Corporation), CSX Transportation, Kansas City Southern Railway Co., Norfolk Southern Combined Railroad Subsidiaries, and Union Pacific Railroad Co.

Which states do not train? ›

The correct answer is Sikkim. Sikkim is the only Northeastern state which is not connected to a rail network. NH10 is the only road that connects the state with the rest of the country.

Is Amtrak government or private? ›

Amtrak is a federally chartered corporation, with the federal government as majority stockholder. The Amtrak Board of Directors is appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. Amtrak is operated as a for-profit company, rather than a public authority.

Is National Rail the underground? ›

A number of years ago the National Rail services were colloquially known as overground trains to distinguish them from the Tube (Underground).

Why are trains called railways? ›

Trains run on railway tracks, so they are called Railways.

What benefited most from railways? ›

Rail has lower fuel costs compared to road transport, especially when shipping a high volume of freight. Rail also has less costs associated with drivers and typically has better costs for drop trailer programs. Shipping via train is more environmentally friendly.

What are the benefits of railways? ›

What are the advantages of railways?
  • A. Railways can carry a large number of passengers and goods.
  • B. They are an environment friendly means of transport.
  • C. Railways has reduced the time of travel to a few hours between two places.
  • D. Railways are a relatively cheap means of transport.

Will there be rail strikes in October 2022? ›

25 October 2022

Network Rail members will be on strike on those days and members working for the train operating companies will take action on 5th of November.

Will there be train strikes in September 2022? ›

When are the train strikes in September 2022? There are walkouts scheduled on three dates in September, which are being staged by the Aslef, Rail, Maritime and Transport (RMT) and Transport Salaried Staffs' Association (TSSA) unions.

What will trains be like in 2050? ›

According to the International Transport Forum, by 2050 passenger mobility will increase by a staggering 200-300% and freight activity by as much as 150-250%. 11 This means that smart solutions will need to be implemented to provide adequate transport capacity for growing volumes of goods and people.

Are passenger trains making a comeback? ›

Fortunately, it appears that the rails are making a comeback which hopefully will end the monopoly of air transportation. So, if you're not convinced that you should switch from planes to trains, here are a few good reasons why train travel is the best way to travel and experience the world.

Are trains declining? ›

Railroad service is suffering even as volumes tick down. Service complaints from shippers, bureaucrats and lawmakers have gotten louder and louder in 2022. And data from the rail carriers shows that service has declined — train speeds have largely decreased from 2021 while terminal dwell time is up.

Do coal trains still exist? ›

Most coal trains today have 125-150 rail cars, making them up to 1.5 miles long (Black). The coal is picked up from the Powder River Basin in Montana and Wyoming and transported via train to the West Coast: California, Oregon, and Washington.

What dates are rail strikes planned for? ›

Tuesday 13 and Wednesday 14 December 2022 - action by the RMT union. 18:00 Saturday 24 to 06:00 Tuesday 27 December - action by the RMT union. Friday 16 and Saturday 17 December 2022 - action by the RMT union.

Are there any more rail strikes planned? ›

No further rail strike dates have been confirmed for the main line, London overground or underground trains but further dates are likely according to experts, as the dispute remains unsolved between bosses and workers.

Will trains run on 19th September? ›

Monday 19 September has now been confirmed as a Bank Holiday, which means there will be no time restrictions on the use of Off-Peak or Super Off- Peak tickets. Our trains will be running a normal Monday service and Journey planners have been updated for you to check your journey.

Is national rail a private company? ›

We're a public sector company that operates as a regulated monopoly.

Is the railway owned by the government? ›

While a handful of publicly owned franchises is better than none, most of the railway is still run by private companies in a patchwork, piecemeal way. We need to have one railway, with clear management, vision and planning across the network.

Which Railways does Warren Buffett Own? ›

Burlington Northern Santa Fe, LLC is the parent company of the BNSF Railway (formerly the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway). The company is an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway, which is controlled by investor Warren Buffett.

Is CN rail privately owned? ›

CN is a public company with 22,600 employees, and as of July 2019 it has a market cap of approximately CA$90 billion. CN was government-owned, having been a Canadian Crown corporation from its founding in 1919 until being privatized in 1995.

How do rail companies make money? ›

Railroad companies operate a pretty straightforward business. They charge companies for carrying cargo over their network of rails and railcars. Their rates and other aspects are overseen by the Surface Transportation Board.

Who is the head of National Rail? ›

Andrew Haines was appointed as Chief Executive and Board member of Network Rail in August 2018.

Does Network Rail make a profit? ›

Profit before tax was £0.3bn (2020/21: £1.6bn). The profit is used to fund our railway investment programme.
Network Rail Limited Annual Report & Accounts 2022.
Operating profit2,9593,182
Profit before tax3241,613
(Loss) / Profit after tax(601)1,336
16 more rows
Jul 19, 2022

Who owns the railroads now? ›

BNSF, for example, is 46 percent owned by Wall Street investment funds. At CSX, the figure is 35 percent; at Union Pacific, 34 percent; at Kansas City Southern, 33 percent; and at Norfolk Southern, 32 percent, according to Bloomberg News.
Who owns the railroads.
62 more rows
Jan 21, 2009

Does Amtrak own the railways? ›

Of the more than 22,000 miles on which it operates, Amtrak owns approximately 620 miles in the Northeast and Michigan. Some of the remaining miles are owned by states or regional transportation authorities, but the vast majority are owned by freight railroads.

Which government has power over railway? ›

Under Section 2 of the Indian Railway Board Act, 1905, the Railway Board has been vested with certain powers of the Central Government under the Indian Railways Act, 1890.

Who is the largest railroad owner? ›

According to the statistics portal Statista, Union Pacific of the USA is worth a massive $75.4 billion, making it comfortably the biggest rail company in the world.

What does CSX stand for? ›

In the public announcement, it was said that 'CSX is singularly appropriate. C can stand for Chessie, S for Seaboard, and X actually has no meaning. But X could be used as a short term for the word Express, taking off the E, giving out Xpress, putting the X in use.

Is CN or CP bigger? ›

The combined CP-KSU company would have would have 37,000 kilometres of track across Canada, the U.S. and Mexico, and employ roughly 20,000 people. CN is bigger right now, but the CP-KSU combination would come pretty close, at least in the size of its network.

Does Bill Gates own CP? ›

Bill Gates Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd

The investor sold all their shares in Q1 2022 and doesn't own any shares in Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd anymore.

Who owns the Disneyland railroad? ›

Through WED Enterprises, a legally separate entity from Walt Disney Productions, Walt Disney retained personal ownership of the DRR and financed the creation of two trains to run on it in time for Disneyland's opening day. The names of both trains contained the word Retlaw, which is Walter spelled backwards.


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